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roplow.c

/*====================================================================*
 -  Copyright (C) 2001 Leptonica.  All rights reserved.
 -  This software is distributed in the hope that it will be
 -  useful, but with NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND.
 -  No author or distributor accepts responsibility to anyone for the
 -  consequences of using this software, or for whether it serves any
 -  particular purpose or works at all, unless he or she says so in
 -  writing.  Everyone is granted permission to copy, modify and
 -  redistribute this source code, for commercial or non-commercial
 -  purposes, with the following restrictions: (1) the origin of this
 -  source code must not be misrepresented; (2) modified versions must
 -  be plainly marked as such; and (3) this notice may not be removed
 -  or altered from any source or modified source distribution.
 *====================================================================*/

/*
 *  roplow.c
 *
 *      Low level dest-only
 *           void            rasteropUniLow()
 *           static void     rasteropUniWordAlignedlLow()
 *           static void     rasteropUniGeneralLow()
 *
 *      Low level src and dest
 *           void            rasteropLow()
 *           static void     rasteropWordAlignedLow()
 *           static void     rasteropVAlignedLow()
 *           static void     rasteropGeneralLow()
 *
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "allheaders.h"

#define COMBINE_PARTIAL(d, s, m)     ( ((d) & ~(m)) | ((s) & (m)) )

static const l_int32  SHIFT_LEFT  = 0;
static const l_int32  SHIFT_RIGHT = 1;

static void rasteropUniWordAlignedLow(l_uint32 *datad, l_int32 dwpl, l_int32 dx,
                                      l_int32 dy, l_int32  dw, l_int32 dh,
                                l_int32 op);

static void rasteropUniGeneralLow(l_uint32 *datad, l_int32 dwpl, l_int32 dx,
                                  l_int32 dy, l_int32 dw, l_int32  dh,
                            l_int32 op);

static void rasteropWordAlignedLow(l_uint32 *datad, l_int32 dwpl, l_int32 dx,
                                   l_int32 dy, l_int32 dw, l_int32 dh,
                             l_int32 op, l_uint32 *datas, l_int32 swpl,
                             l_int32 sx, l_int32 sy);

static void rasteropVAlignedLow(l_uint32 *datad, l_int32 dwpl, l_int32 dx,
                        l_int32 dy, l_int32 dw, l_int32 dh,
                        l_int32 op, l_uint32 *datas, l_int32 swpl,
                        l_int32 sx, l_int32 sy);

static void rasteropGeneralLow(l_uint32 *datad, l_int32 dwpl, l_int32 dx,
                               l_int32 dy, l_int32 dw, l_int32 dh,
                         l_int32 op, l_uint32 *datas, l_int32 swpl,
                         l_int32 sx, l_int32 sy);


static const l_uint32 lmask32[] = {0x0,
    0x80000000, 0xc0000000, 0xe0000000, 0xf0000000,
    0xf8000000, 0xfc000000, 0xfe000000, 0xff000000,
    0xff800000, 0xffc00000, 0xffe00000, 0xfff00000,
    0xfff80000, 0xfffc0000, 0xfffe0000, 0xffff0000,
    0xffff8000, 0xffffc000, 0xffffe000, 0xfffff000,
    0xfffff800, 0xfffffc00, 0xfffffe00, 0xffffff00,
    0xffffff80, 0xffffffc0, 0xffffffe0, 0xfffffff0,
    0xfffffff8, 0xfffffffc, 0xfffffffe, 0xffffffff};

static const l_uint32 rmask32[] = {0x0,
    0x00000001, 0x00000003, 0x00000007, 0x0000000f,
    0x0000001f, 0x0000003f, 0x0000007f, 0x000000ff,
    0x000001ff, 0x000003ff, 0x000007ff, 0x00000fff,
    0x00001fff, 0x00003fff, 0x00007fff, 0x0000ffff,
    0x0001ffff, 0x0003ffff, 0x0007ffff, 0x000fffff,
    0x001fffff, 0x003fffff, 0x007fffff, 0x00ffffff,
    0x01ffffff, 0x03ffffff, 0x07ffffff, 0x0fffffff,
    0x1fffffff, 0x3fffffff, 0x7fffffff, 0xffffffff};


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *                     Low-level dest-only rasterops                  *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropUniLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dpixw  (width of dest)
 *              dpixh  (height of dest)
 *              depth  (depth of src and dest)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *      Return: void
 *
 *  Action: scales width, performs clipping, checks alignment, and
 *          dispatches for the rasterop.
 */
void
rasteropUniLow(l_uint32  *datad,
               l_int32    dpixw,
               l_int32    dpixh,
             l_int32    depth,
             l_int32    dwpl,
             l_int32    dx,
             l_int32    dy,
             l_int32    dw,
             l_int32    dh,
               l_int32    op)
{
l_int32  dhangw, dhangh;

   /* -------------------------------------------------------*
    *            scale horizontal dimensions by depth
    * -------------------------------------------------------*/
    if (depth != 1) {
        dpixw *= depth;
      dx *= depth;
      dw *= depth;
    }

   /* -------------------------------------------------------*
    *            clip rectangle to dest image
    * -------------------------------------------------------*/
       /* first, clip horizontally (dx, dw) */
    if (dx < 0) {
      dw += dx;  /* reduce dw */
      dx = 0;
    }
    dhangw = dx + dw - dpixw;  /* rect ovhang dest to right */
    if (dhangw > 0)
        dw -= dhangw;  /* reduce dw */

       /* then, clip vertically (dy, dh) */
    if (dy < 0) {
      dh += dy;  /* reduce dh */
      dy = 0;
    }
    dhangh = dy + dh - dpixh;  /* rect ovhang dest below */
    if (dhangh > 0)
        dh -= dhangh;  /* reduce dh */

        /* if clipped entirely, quit */
    if ((dw <= 0) || (dh <= 0))
      return;

   /* -------------------------------------------------------*
    *       dispatch to aligned or non-aligned blitters
    * -------------------------------------------------------*/
    if ((dx & 31) == 0)
      rasteropUniWordAlignedLow(datad, dwpl, dx, dy, dw, dh, op);
    else
      rasteropUniGeneralLow(datad, dwpl, dx, dy, dw, dh, op);
    return;
}



/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *           Static low-level uni rasterop with word alignment        *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropUniWordAlignedLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *      Return: void
 *
 *  This is called when the dest rect is left aligned
 *  on (32-bit) word boundaries.   That is: dx & 31 == 0.
 *
 *  We make an optimized implementation of this because
 *  it is a common case: e.g., operating on a full dest image.
 */
static void
rasteropUniWordAlignedLow(l_uint32  *datad,
                      l_int32    dwpl,
                          l_int32    dx,
                      l_int32    dy,
                      l_int32    dw,
                      l_int32    dh,
                      l_int32    op)
{
l_int32    nfullw;     /* number of full words */
l_uint32  *pfword;     /* ptr to first word */
l_int32    lwbits;     /* number of ovrhang bits in last partial word */
l_uint32   lwmask;     /* mask for last partial word */
l_uint32  *lined;
l_int32    i, j;

    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *                Preliminary calculations                *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    nfullw = dw >> 5;
    lwbits = dw & 31;
    if (lwbits)
      lwmask = lmask32[lwbits];
    pfword = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
    

    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *            Now we're ready to do the ops               *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    switch (op)
    {
    case PIX_CLR:
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lined = pfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++)
            *lined++ = 0x0;
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, 0x0, lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case PIX_SET:
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lined = pfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++)
            *lined++ = 0xffffffff;
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, 0xffffffff, lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case PIX_NOT(PIX_DST):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lined = pfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = ~(*lined);
            lined++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, ~(*lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    default:
        fprintf(stderr, "Operation %d not permitted here!\n", op);
    }

    return;
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *        Static low-level uni rasterop without word alignment        *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropUniGeneralLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *      Return: void
 */
static void
rasteropUniGeneralLow(l_uint32  *datad,
                  l_int32    dwpl,
                      l_int32    dx,
                  l_int32    dy,
                  l_int32    dw,
                  l_int32    dh,
                  l_int32    op)
{
l_int32    dfwpartb;   /* boolean (1, 0) if first dest word is partial */
l_int32    dfwpart2b;  /* boolean (1, 0) if first dest word is doubly partial */
l_uint32   dfwmask;    /* mask for first partial dest word */
l_int32    dfwbits;    /* first word dest bits in ovrhang */
l_uint32  *pdfwpart;   /* ptr to first partial dest word */
l_int32    dfwfullb;   /* boolean (1, 0) if there exists a full dest word */
l_int32    dnfullw;    /* number of full words in dest */
l_uint32  *pdfwfull;   /* ptr to first full dest word */
l_int32    dlwpartb;   /* boolean (1, 0) if last dest word is partial */
l_uint32   dlwmask;    /* mask for last partial dest word */
l_int32    dlwbits;    /* last word dest bits in ovrhang */
l_uint32  *pdlwpart;   /* ptr to last partial dest word */
l_int32    i, j;


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *                Preliminary calculations                *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
      /* is the first word partial? */
    if ((dx & 31) == 0) {  /* if not */
        dfwpartb = 0;
      dfwbits = 0;
    }
    else {  /* if so */
        dfwpartb = 1;
      dfwbits = 32 - (dx & 31);
      dfwmask = rmask32[dfwbits];
      pdfwpart = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
    }

        /* is the first word doubly partial? */
    if (dw >= dfwbits)  /* if not */
        dfwpart2b = 0;
    else {  /* if so */
        dfwpart2b = 1;
        dfwmask &= lmask32[32 - dfwbits + dw];
    }

        /* is there a full dest word? */
    if (dfwpart2b == 1) {  /* not */
        dfwfullb = 0;
      dnfullw = 0;
    }
    else {
      dnfullw = (dw - dfwbits) >> 5;
      if (dnfullw == 0)  /* if not */
          dfwfullb = 0;
      else {  /* if so */
          dfwfullb = 1;
          if (dfwpartb)
            pdfwfull = pdfwpart + 1;
          else
            pdfwfull = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
      }
    }

      /* is the last word partial? */
    dlwbits = (dx + dw) & 31;
    if (dfwpart2b == 1 || dlwbits == 0)  /* if not */
        dlwpartb = 0;
    else {
      dlwpartb = 1;
        dlwmask = lmask32[dlwbits];
      if (dfwpartb)
          pdlwpart = pdfwpart + 1 + dnfullw;
      else
          pdlwpart = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5) + dnfullw;
    }


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *            Now we're ready to do the ops               *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    switch (op)
    {
    case PIX_CLR:
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, 0x0, dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = 0x0;
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, 0x0, dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case PIX_SET:
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, 0xffffffff, dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = 0xffffffff;
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, 0xffffffff, dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case PIX_NOT(PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, ~(*pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(*(pdfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, ~(*pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    default:
        fprintf(stderr, "Operation %d not permitted here!\n", op);
    }

    return;
}



/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *                   Low-level src and dest rasterops                 *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dpixw  (width of dest)
 *              dpixh  (height of dest)
 *              depth  (depth of src and dest)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *              datas  (ptr to src image data)
 *              spixw  (width of src)
 *              spixh  (height of src)
 *              swpl   (wpl of src)
 *              sx     (x val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *              sy     (y val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *      Return: void
 *
 *  Action: Scales width, performs clipping, checks alignment, and
 *          dispatches for the rasterop.
 *
 *  Warning: the two images must have equal depth.  This is not checked.
 */
void
rasteropLow(l_uint32  *datad,
            l_int32    dpixw,
            l_int32    dpixh,
          l_int32    depth,
          l_int32    dwpl,
          l_int32    dx,
          l_int32    dy,
          l_int32    dw,
          l_int32    dh,
            l_int32    op,
            l_uint32  *datas,
            l_int32    spixw,
            l_int32    spixh,
            l_int32    swpl,
            l_int32    sx,
            l_int32    sy)
{
l_int32  dhangw, shangw, dhangh, shangh;

   /* -------------------------------------------------------*
    *            scale horizontal dimensions by depth
    * -------------------------------------------------------*/
    if (depth != 1) {
        dpixw *= depth;
      dx *= depth;
      dw *= depth;
        spixw *= depth;
      sx *= depth;
    }


   /* -------------------------------------------------------*
    *      clip to max rectangle within both src and dest
    * -------------------------------------------------------*/
       /* first, clip horizontally (sx, dx, dw) */
    if (dx < 0) {
        sx -= dx;  /* increase sx */
      dw += dx;  /* reduce dw */
      dx = 0;
    }
    if (sx < 0) {
        dx -= sx;  /* increase dx */
      dw += sx;  /* reduce dw */
      sx = 0;
    }
    dhangw = dx + dw - dpixw;  /* rect ovhang dest to right */
    if (dhangw > 0)
        dw -= dhangw;  /* reduce dw */
    shangw = sx + dw - spixw;   /* rect ovhang src to right */
    if (shangw > 0)
        dw -= shangw;  /* reduce dw */

       /* then, clip vertically (sy, dy, dh) */
    if (dy < 0) {
        sy -= dy;  /* increase sy */
      dh += dy;  /* reduce dh */
      dy = 0;
    }
    if (sy < 0) {
        dy -= sy;  /* increase dy */
      dh += sy;  /* reduce dh */
      sy = 0;
    }
    dhangh = dy + dh - dpixh;  /* rect ovhang dest below */
    if (dhangh > 0)
        dh -= dhangh;  /* reduce dh */
    shangh = sy + dh - spixh;  /* rect ovhang src below */
    if (shangh > 0)
        dh -= shangh;  /* reduce dh */

        /* if clipped entirely, quit */
    if ((dw <= 0) || (dh <= 0))
      return;

   /* -------------------------------------------------------*
    *       dispatch to aligned or non-aligned blitters
    * -------------------------------------------------------*/
    if (((dx & 31) == 0) && ((sx & 31) == 0))
      rasteropWordAlignedLow(datad, dwpl, dx, dy, dw, dh, op,
                             datas, swpl, sx, sy);
    else if ((dx & 31) == (sx & 31))
      rasteropVAlignedLow(datad, dwpl, dx, dy, dw, dh, op,
                          datas, swpl, sx, sy);
    else
      rasteropGeneralLow(datad, dwpl, dx, dy, dw, dh, op,
                         datas, swpl, sx, sy);

    return;
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *        Static low-level rasterop with vertical word alignment      *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropWordAlignedLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *              datas  (ptr to src image data)
 *              swpl   (wpl of src)
 *              sx     (x val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *              sy     (y val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *      Return: void
 *
 *  This is called when both the src and dest rects 
 *  are left aligned on (32-bit) word boundaries.
 *  That is: dx & 31 == 0 and sx & 31 == 0
 *
 *  We make an optimized implementation of this because
 *  it is a common case: e.g., two images are rasterop'd
 *  starting from their UL corners (0,0).
 */
static void
rasteropWordAlignedLow(l_uint32  *datad,
                   l_int32    dwpl,
                       l_int32    dx,
                   l_int32    dy,
                   l_int32    dw,
                   l_int32    dh,
                   l_int32    op,
                     l_uint32  *datas,
                   l_int32    swpl,
                   l_int32    sx,
                   l_int32    sy)
{
l_int32    nfullw;     /* number of full words */
l_uint32  *psfword;    /* ptr to first src word */
l_uint32  *pdfword;    /* ptr to first dest word */
l_int32    lwbits;     /* number of ovrhang bits in last partial word */
l_uint32   lwmask;     /* mask for last partial word */
l_uint32  *lines, *lined;
l_int32    i, j;


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *                Preliminary calculations                *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    nfullw = dw >> 5;
    lwbits = dw & 31;
    if (lwbits)
      lwmask = lmask32[lwbits];
    psfword = datas + swpl * sy + (sx >> 5);
    pdfword = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
    
    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *            Now we're ready to do the ops               *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    switch (op)
    {
    case PIX_SRC:
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = *lines;
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, *lines, lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = ~(*lines);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, ~(*lines), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC | PIX_DST):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (*lines | *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (*lines | *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC & PIX_DST):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (*lines & *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (*lines & *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC ^ PIX_DST):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (*lines ^ *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (*lines ^ *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC) | PIX_DST):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (~(*lines) | *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (~(*lines) | *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC) & PIX_DST):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (~(*lines) & *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (~(*lines) & *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC | PIX_NOT(PIX_DST)):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (*lines | ~(*lined));
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (*lines | ~(*lined)), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC & PIX_NOT(PIX_DST)):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = (*lines & ~(*lined));
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, (*lines & ~(*lined)), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC | PIX_DST)):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = ~(*lines  | *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, ~(*lines  | *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC & PIX_DST)):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = ~(*lines  & *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, ~(*lines  & *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
        /* this is three cases: ~(s ^ d), ~s ^ d, s ^ ~d  */
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC ^ PIX_DST)):
      for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
          lines = psfword + i * swpl;
          lined = pdfword + i * dwpl;
          for (j = 0; j < nfullw; j++) {
            *lined = ~(*lines ^ *lined);
            lined++;
            lines++;
          }
          if (lwbits)
            *lined = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*lined, ~(*lines ^ *lined), lwmask);
        }
      break;
    default:
      fprintf(stderr, "Operation %d invalid\n", op);
    }

    return;
}



/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *        Static low-level rasterop with vertical word alignment      *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropVAlignedLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *              datas  (ptr to src image data)
 *              swpl   (wpl of src)
 *              sx     (x val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *              sy     (y val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *      Return: void
 *
 *  This is called when the left side of the src and dest
 *  rects have the same alignment relative to (32-bit) word
 *  boundaries; i.e., (dx & 31) == (sx & 31)
 */
static void
rasteropVAlignedLow(l_uint32  *datad,
                l_int32    dwpl,
                    l_int32    dx,
                l_int32    dy,
                l_int32    dw,
                l_int32    dh,
                l_int32    op,
                  l_uint32  *datas,
                l_int32    swpl,
                l_int32    sx,
                l_int32    sy)
{
l_int32    dfwpartb;   /* boolean (1, 0) if first dest word is partial */
l_int32    dfwpart2b;  /* boolean (1, 0) if first dest word is doubly partial */
l_uint32   dfwmask;    /* mask for first partial dest word */
l_int32    dfwbits;    /* first word dest bits in ovrhang */
l_uint32  *pdfwpart;   /* ptr to first partial dest word */
l_uint32  *psfwpart;   /* ptr to first partial src word */
l_int32    dfwfullb;   /* boolean (1, 0) if there exists a full dest word */
l_int32    dnfullw;    /* number of full words in dest */
l_uint32  *pdfwfull;   /* ptr to first full dest word */
l_uint32  *psfwfull;   /* ptr to first full src word */
l_int32    dlwpartb;   /* boolean (1, 0) if last dest word is partial */
l_uint32   dlwmask;    /* mask for last partial dest word */
l_int32    dlwbits;    /* last word dest bits in ovrhang */
l_uint32  *pdlwpart;   /* ptr to last partial dest word */
l_uint32  *pslwpart;   /* ptr to last partial src word */
l_int32    i, j;


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *                Preliminary calculations                *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
      /* is the first word partial? */
    if ((dx & 31) == 0) {  /* if not */
        dfwpartb = 0;
      dfwbits = 0;
    }
    else {  /* if so */
        dfwpartb = 1;
      dfwbits = 32 - (dx & 31);
      dfwmask = rmask32[dfwbits];
      pdfwpart = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
      psfwpart = datas + swpl * sy + (sx >> 5);
    }

        /* is the first word doubly partial? */
    if (dw >= dfwbits)  /* if not */
        dfwpart2b = 0;
    else {  /* if so */
        dfwpart2b = 1;
        dfwmask &= lmask32[32 - dfwbits + dw];
    }

        /* is there a full dest word? */
    if (dfwpart2b == 1) {  /* not */
        dfwfullb = 0;
      dnfullw = 0;
    }
    else {
      dnfullw = (dw - dfwbits) >> 5;
      if (dnfullw == 0)  /* if not */
          dfwfullb = 0;
      else {  /* if so */
          dfwfullb = 1;
          if (dfwpartb) {
            pdfwfull = pdfwpart + 1;
            psfwfull = psfwpart + 1;
          }
          else {
            pdfwfull = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
            psfwfull = datas + swpl * sy + (sx >> 5);
          }
      }
    }

      /* is the last word partial? */
    dlwbits = (dx + dw) & 31;
    if (dfwpart2b == 1 || dlwbits == 0)  /* if not */
        dlwpartb = 0;
    else {
      dlwpartb = 1;
        dlwmask = lmask32[dlwbits];
      if (dfwpartb) {
          pdlwpart = pdfwpart + 1 + dnfullw;
          pslwpart = psfwpart + 1 + dnfullw;
      }
      else {
          pdlwpart = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5) + dnfullw;
          pslwpart = datas + swpl * sy + (sx >> 5) + dnfullw;
      }
    }


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *            Now we're ready to do the ops               *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    switch (op)
    {
    case PIX_SRC:
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, *psfwpart, dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = *(psfwfull + j);
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, *pslwpart, dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, ~(*psfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(*(psfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, ~(*pslwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC | PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (*psfwpart | *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) |= *(psfwfull + j);
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (*pslwpart | *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC & PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (*psfwpart & *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) &= *(psfwfull + j);
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (*pslwpart & *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC ^ PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (*psfwpart ^ *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) ^= *(psfwfull + j);
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (*pslwpart ^ *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC) | PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (~(*psfwpart) | *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) |= ~(*(psfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (~(*pslwpart) | *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC) & PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (~(*psfwpart) & *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) &= ~(*(psfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (~(*pslwpart) & *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC | PIX_NOT(PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (*psfwpart | ~(*pdfwpart)), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = *(psfwfull + j) | ~(*(pdfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (*pslwpart | ~(*pdlwpart)), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC & PIX_NOT(PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                (*psfwpart & ~(*pdfwpart)), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = *(psfwfull + j) & ~(*(pdfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 (*pslwpart & ~(*pdlwpart)), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC | PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                ~(*psfwpart | *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(*(psfwfull + j) | *(pdfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 ~(*pslwpart | *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC & PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                ~(*psfwpart & *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(*(psfwfull + j) & *(pdfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 ~(*pslwpart & *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
        /* this is three cases: ~(s ^ d), ~s ^ d, s ^ ~d  */
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC ^ PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                                ~(*psfwpart ^ *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++)
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(*(psfwfull + j) ^ *(pdfwfull + j));
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                                 ~(*pslwpart ^ *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    default: 
        fprintf(stderr, "Operation %x invalid\n", op);
    }

    return;
}


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------*
 *     Static low-level rasterop without vertical word alignment      *
 *--------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*!
 *  rasteropGeneralLow()
 *
 *      Input:  datad  (ptr to dest image data)
 *              dwpl   (wpl of dest)
 *              dx     (x val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dy     (y val of UL corner of dest rectangle)
 *              dw     (width of dest rectangle)
 *              dh     (height of dest rectangle)
 *              op     (op code)
 *              datas  (ptr to src image data)
 *              swpl   (wpl of src)
 *              sx     (x val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *              sy     (y val of UL corner of src rectangle)
 *      Return: void
 *
 *  This is called when the src and dest rects are
 *  do not have the same (32-bit) word alignment.
 *
 *  The method is a generalization of rasteropVAlignLow().
 *  There, the src image pieces were directly merged
 *  with the dest.  Here, we shift the source bits
 *  to fill words that are aligned with the dest, and
 *  then use those "source words" exactly in place
 *  of the source words that were used in rasteropVAlignLow().
 *
 *  The critical parameter is thus the shift required
 *  for the src.  Consider the left edge of the rectangle.
 *  The overhang into the src and dest words are found,
 *  and the difference is exactly this shift.  There are
 *  two separate cases, depending on whether the src pixels
 *  are shifted left or right.  If the src overhang is
 *  larger than the dest overhang, the src is shifted to
 *  the right, a number of pixels equal to the shift are
 *  left over for filling the next dest word, if necessary.
 *  But if the dest overhang is larger than the src,
 *  the src is shifted to the left, and it may also be 
 *  necessary to shift an equal number of pixels in from
 *  the next src word.  However, in both cases, after
 *  the first partial (or complete) dest word has been
 *  filled, the next src pixels will come from a left
 *  shift that exhausts the pixels in the src word.
 */
static void
rasteropGeneralLow(l_uint32  *datad,
               l_int32    dwpl,
                   l_int32    dx,
               l_int32    dy,
               l_int32    dw,
               l_int32    dh,
               l_int32    op,
                 l_uint32  *datas,
               l_int32    swpl,
               l_int32    sx,
               l_int32    sy)
{
l_int32    dfwpartb;    /* boolean (1, 0) if first dest word is partial      */
l_int32    dfwpart2b;   /* boolean (1, 0) if 1st dest word is doubly partial */
l_uint32   dfwmask;     /* mask for first partial dest word                  */
l_int32    dfwbits;     /* first word dest bits in overhang; 0-31            */
l_int32    dhang;       /* dest overhang in first partial word,              */
                        /* or 0 if dest is word aligned (same as dfwbits)    */
l_uint32  *pdfwpart;    /* ptr to first partial dest word                    */
l_uint32  *psfwpart;    /* ptr to first partial src word                     */
l_int32    dfwfullb;    /* boolean (1, 0) if there exists a full dest word   */
l_int32    dnfullw;     /* number of full words in dest                      */
l_uint32  *pdfwfull;    /* ptr to first full dest word                       */
l_uint32  *psfwfull;    /* ptr to first full src word                        */
l_int32    dlwpartb;    /* boolean (1, 0) if last dest word is partial       */
l_uint32   dlwmask;     /* mask for last partial dest word                   */
l_int32    dlwbits;     /* last word dest bits in ovrhang                    */
l_uint32  *pdlwpart;    /* ptr to last partial dest word                     */
l_uint32  *pslwpart;    /* ptr to last partial src word                      */
l_uint32   sword;       /* compose src word aligned with the dest words      */
l_int32    sfwbits;     /* first word src bits in overhang (1-32),           */
                        /* or 32 if src is word aligned                      */
l_int32    shang;       /* source overhang in the first partial word,        */
                        /* or 0 if src is word aligned (not same as sfwbits) */
l_int32    sleftshift;  /* bits to shift left for source word to align       */
                        /* with the dest.  Also the number of bits that      */
                    /* get shifted to the right to align with the dest.  */
l_int32    srightshift; /* bits to shift right for source word to align      */
                        /* with dest.  Also, the number of bits that get     */
                    /* shifted left to align with the dest.              */
l_int32    srightmask;  /* mask for selecting sleftshift bits that have      */
                        /* been shifted right by srightshift bits            */
l_int32    sfwshiftdir; /* either SHIFT_LEFT or SHIFT_RIGHT                  */
l_int32    sfwaddb;     /* boolean: do we need an additional sfw right shift? */
l_int32    slwaddb;     /* boolean: do we need an additional slw right shift? */
l_int32    i, j;


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *                Preliminary calculations                *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
      /* To get alignment of src with dst (e.g., in the
       * full words) the src must do a left shift of its
       * relative overhang in the current src word,
       * and OR that with a right shift of
       * (31 -  relative overhang) from the next src word.
       * We find the absolute overhangs, the relative overhangs,
       * the required shifts and the src mask */
    if ((sx & 31) == 0)
      shang = 0;
    else
      shang = 32 - (sx & 31);
    if ((dx & 31) == 0)
        dhang = 0;
    else
        dhang = 32 - (dx & 31);

    if (shang == 0 && dhang == 0) {  /* this should be treated by an
                                        aligned operation, not by
                              this general rasterop! */
        sleftshift = 0;
        srightshift = 0;
      srightmask = rmask32[0];
    }
    else {
      if (dhang > shang)
          sleftshift = dhang - shang;
      else
          sleftshift = 32 - (shang - dhang);
      srightshift = 32 - sleftshift; 
      srightmask = rmask32[sleftshift];
    }
    
      /* is the first dest word partial? */
    if ((dx & 31) == 0) {  /* if not */
        dfwpartb = 0;
      dfwbits = 0;
    }
    else {  /* if so */
        dfwpartb = 1;
      dfwbits = 32 - (dx & 31);
      dfwmask = rmask32[dfwbits];
      pdfwpart = datad + dwpl * dy + (dx >> 5);
      psfwpart = datas + swpl * sy + (sx >> 5);
      sfwbits = 32 - (sx & 31);
      if (dfwbits > sfwbits) {
          sfwshiftdir = SHIFT_LEFT;  /* and shift by sleftshift */
          if (dw < shang)
              sfwaddb = 0;
          else
              sfwaddb = 1;   /* and rshift in next src word by srightshift */
      }
      else
          sfwshiftdir = SHIFT_RIGHT;  /* and shift by srightshift */
    }

        /* is the first dest word doubly partial? */
    if (dw >= dfwbits)  /* if not */
        dfwpart2b = 0;
    else {  /* if so */
        dfwpart2b = 1;
        dfwmask &= lmask32[32 - dfwbits + dw];
    }

        /* is there a full dest word? */
    if (dfwpart2b == 1) {  /* not */
        dfwfullb = 0;
      dnfullw = 0;
    }
    else {
      dnfullw = (dw - dfwbits) >> 5;
      if (dnfullw == 0)  /* if not */
          dfwfullb = 0;
      else {  /* if so */
          dfwfullb = 1;
          pdfwfull = datad + dwpl * dy + ((dx + dhang) >> 5);
          psfwfull = datas + swpl * sy + ((sx + dhang) >> 5); /* yes, dhang */
      }
    }

      /* is the last dest word partial? */
    dlwbits = (dx + dw) & 31;
    if (dfwpart2b == 1 || dlwbits == 0)  /* if not */
        dlwpartb = 0;
    else {
      dlwpartb = 1;
        dlwmask = lmask32[dlwbits];
      pdlwpart = datad + dwpl * dy + ((dx + dhang) >> 5) + dnfullw;
      pslwpart = datas + swpl * sy + ((sx + dhang) >> 5) + dnfullw;
      if (dlwbits <= srightshift)   /* must be <= here !!! */
          slwaddb = 0;  /* we got enough bits from current src word */
      else
          slwaddb = 1;   /* must rshift in next src word by srightshift */
    }


    /*--------------------------------------------------------*
     *            Now we're ready to do the ops               *
     *--------------------------------------------------------*/
    switch (op)
    {
    case PIX_SRC:
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, sword, dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, sword, dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart, ~sword, dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart, ~sword, dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC | PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (sword | *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) |= sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (sword | *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC & PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (sword & *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) &= sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (sword & *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC ^ PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (sword ^ *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) ^= sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (sword ^ *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC) | PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (~sword | *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) |= ~sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (~sword | *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC) & PIX_DST):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (~sword & *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) &= ~sword;
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (~sword & *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC | PIX_NOT(PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (sword | ~(*pdfwpart)), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = sword | ~(*(pdfwfull + j));
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (sword | ~(*pdlwpart)), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_SRC & PIX_NOT(PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             (sword & ~(*pdfwpart)), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = sword & ~(*(pdfwfull + j));
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           (sword & ~(*pdlwpart)), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC | PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             ~(sword | *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(sword | *(pdfwfull + j));
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           ~(sword | *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC & PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             ~(sword & *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(sword & *(pdfwfull + j));
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           ~(sword & *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
        /* this is three cases: ~(s ^ d), ~s ^ d, s ^ ~d  */
    case (PIX_NOT(PIX_SRC ^ PIX_DST)):
          /* do the first partial word */
      if (dfwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++)
          {
            if (sfwshiftdir == SHIFT_LEFT) {
                sword = *psfwpart << sleftshift;
                  if (sfwaddb) 
                    sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                                *(psfwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                               srightmask);
            }
            else /* shift right */
                sword = *psfwpart >> srightshift;

            *pdfwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdfwpart,
                             ~(sword ^ *pdfwpart), dfwmask);
            pdfwpart += dwpl;
            psfwpart += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the full words */
      if (dfwfullb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            for (j = 0; j < dnfullw; j++) {
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*(psfwfull + j) << sleftshift,
                               *(psfwfull + j + 1) >> srightshift,
                           srightmask);
                *(pdfwfull + j) = ~(sword ^ *(pdfwfull + j));
            }
            pdfwfull += dwpl;
            psfwfull += swpl;
          }
      }

          /* do the last partial word */
      if (dlwpartb) {
          for (i = 0; i < dh; i++) {
            sword = *pslwpart << sleftshift;
            if (slwaddb) 
                sword = COMBINE_PARTIAL(sword,
                              *(pslwpart + 1) >> srightshift,
                              srightmask);

            *pdlwpart = COMBINE_PARTIAL(*pdlwpart,
                           ~(sword ^ *pdlwpart), dlwmask);
            pdlwpart += dwpl;
            pslwpart += swpl;
          }
      }
      break;
    default: 
        fprintf(stderr, "Operation %x invalid\n", op);
    }

    return;
}


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